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Ancient texts

Polybius.(3.16,18-19)

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Saguntum

Second Illyrian war

220-219 bc

Demetrius again
Demetrius the man the Romans had left in charge of the Illyrian cities, now set out to conquer and plunder the cities under Roman protection. Everybody in the ancient wold was expecting a war between Rome and Carthago; everybody including the Romans senate was expectation a Roman army to depart for Saguntum. But now, Saguntum hadn't been attacked yet, the senate decided to send her troops to Illyria first. In the expected long war with Carthago it would be nice if Rome's flanks were covered.

Two consuls for Illyria?
Rome sent the 2 consuls: M. Livius (Salinator) and L. Aemilius Paullus. Polybius mentions as little as possible about the actions of Livius Salinator. In this way it seems the if only the heroics of L. Aemilius Paullus mattered. Knowing Aemilius Paullus was the ancestor of his friend P.Cornelius Scipio Africanus Aemilianus, clarifies Polybius attitude in this matter. Publius Aemilius Paullus had been adopted by P.Cornelius Scipio Africanus (major), the other gens Polybius liked to favor.

    Wounded Greek warrior    
     

Wounded Greek warrior
reconstruction part of a group from the temple of Aegina
Glyptotheek München (GE)

   
 


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